The story of the Tohono O’odham peoples offers an important account of assimilation. Bifurcated by a border demarcating Mexico and the United States that was imposed on them after the Gadsden Purchase in 1853, the Tohono O'odham lived at the edge of two empires. Although they were often invisible to the majority cultures of the region, they attracted the attention of
reformers and government officials in the United States, who were determined to “assimilate” native peoples into “American society.” By focusing on gender norms and ideals in
the assimilation of the Tohono O’odham, At the Border of Empires provides a lens for looking at both Native American history and broader societal ideas about femininity,
masculinity, and empire around the turn of the twentieth century.
About Andrae M Marak
Andrae M. Marak is chair of the History and Political Science Department at California University of Pennsylvania and an associate of the Center for Latin American Studies at the University of Pittsburgh. He is the author of From Many, One: Indians, Peasants, Borders, and Education in Callista, Mexico, 1924–1935.
About Laura Tuennerman
Laura Tuennerman is Chair of the Department of History and Political Science, and a professor of history at California University of Pennsylvania. She is the author of Helping Others, Helping Ourselves.