Garifuna live in Central America, primarily Honduras, and the United States. Identified as Black by others and by themselves, they also claim indigenous status and rights in Latin
America. Examining this set of paradoxes, Mark Anderson shows how, on the one hand, Garifuna embrace discourses of tradition, roots, and a paradigm of ethnic political struggle. On the
other hand, Garifuna often affirm blackness through assertions of African roots and affiliations with Blacks elsewhere, drawing particularly on popular images of U.S. blackness embodied
by hip-hop music and culture.
|"Black and Indigenous is a challenging study that helps us interrogate our basic assumptions about categories such as indigenous and black, Diaspora and rooted, and tradition and modernity in radically innovative and freshly productive ways.
— Bettina Ng’weno, author of Turf Wars: Territory and Citizenship in the Contemporary State
"Black and Indigenous is a nuanced and important addition to the identities literature in Latin America. Anderson does justice to Sambenos and activists alike.
— American Ethnologist
"Black and Indigenous will make an important contribution to the growing literature on blackness and also indigenous identity in Latin America.
— Peter Wade, author of Race, Nature and Culture: An Anthropological Approach
"Ethnographically rich and theoretically sophisticated, this book adds a great deal of insight into the literature on race, racial identities, and ethnic politics.
— The Americas
Black and Indigenous explores the politics of race and culture among Garifuna in Honduras as a window into the active relations among
multiculturalism, consumption, and neoliberalism in the Americas. Based on ethnographic work, Anderson questions perspectives that view indigeneity and blackness, nativist attachments
and diasporic affiliations, as mutually exclusive paradigms of representation, being, and belonging.
As Anderson reveals, within contemporary struggles of race, ethnicity, and
culture, indigeneity serves as a normative model for collective rights, while blackness confers a status of subaltern cosmopolitanism. Indigeneity and blackness, he concludes, operate
as unstable, often ambivalent, and sometimes overlapping modes through which people both represent themselves and negotiate oppression.
Mark Anderson is assistant professor of anthropology at the University of California, Santa Cruz.